Of all the pest species in the world, the cockroach is perhaps the most reviled.
Okay, some people might think rats are worse and snakes do give the impression of being more dangerous. However, bugs of any sort just seem to get to people. Roaches, in particular, appear to draw particular revulsion.
When dealing with these most persistent of pests, you need information. Knowing the difference between the German and Australian breeds, for example, can make removing them from your home a lot easier.
Of all the roach species, the one that’s the most widely-traveled is the German. This particular breed is so widespread as to be everywhere, with infestations occurring in the most surprising places.
Beige to light brown in colour, this type of bug is impossible to find away from humans. The creature has adapted to live in human homes, typically finding its niche in bathrooms and kitchens. They like warm environments that are near food sources – like in food containers or refrigerators.
The creature is also a notorious breeder, with a rapid cycle that ensures you’ll be finding thousands of the damn things if you leave them alone.
If the bug you see is bigger than one and a half inches, has a more reddish brown colour, you’re looking at an American cockroach.
This species likes it underground and moist. Basements and subfloors are their homes, along with sewers. They like to avoid cold areas, which means that migrating to a comparatively warm human home in the winter isn’t out of the question.
Indoors, the bugs prefer hotter areas. Water pipes, fridge motors, and boilers are where they nest. If you leave them around long enough, they can rapidly become a plague on your entire neighbourhoods.
There is also the homegrown Australian cockroach.
Reddish brown like the American, but smaller, the Australian has yellow stripes on the outer edge of the wings. The species is both vegetarian and widespread, showing up virtually anywhere that you can find humans.
The Australian rock loves to eat through things, including clothes and book covers.
Greenhouses and large heating apparatuses are welcome homes for these bugs. Opportunistic in behaviour, Australian roaches will go anywhere that has heat and humidity, as long as it’s near food. Pet food bowls and anywhere you put food waste might draw them.
Finally, there’s the Oriental species.
These are about an inch in length and tend towards dark brown or black in colour. The coloration makes the pests hard to spot in the cellars and basements they prefer. Garbage and pipes are also a natural habitat, especially if they can get starchy foods there.
The Oriental species is most likely to become a major infestation in the summers.
No matter the species, if you see them, call pest control. One of them is not just a bad sign, but a hint of a potential infestation.